In short, questions in biology of a ‘How?’ nature need more than genetics and frequently more than a reductionist approach. If nature is at all economical (and we have good reason to believe that this is usually so), we can expect that she will choose to create at least some complex forms not by laborious piece-by-piece construction but by utilizing some of the organizational and pattern-forming phenomena we see in the non-living world. If that is so, we can expect to see similarities in the forms and patterns of living and purely inorganic or physical systems, and we can expect too that the same ideas can be used to account for them both. Philip Ball, The Self-Made Tapestry, Pattern Formation in Nature
Subtle relationships between seemingly disparate materials–such as the two cartoons and the book excerpt–bring ‘upward’ potentials for learning not otherwise accessible in more straight forward treatments of the same discrete material. Comment.