Tag Archives: Francisco Varela

Evan Thompson, Presentation May 2015

a CONTEXT According to [Francisco] Varela, an autonomous system can be precisely defined as a system that has organizational closure and operational closure (Varela 1979, pp. 55-60). The term ‘closure’ does not mean that the system is materially and energetically closed to … Continue reading

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Enactivism II. and the Simplicity of Social Cybernetics

Embodied Situated Cognition /Enactivism [link] Varela and colleagues build on Merleau-Ponty’s work to develop a model of cognition as “embodied action”, a process they call “enactive” (Varela et al., 1991: xx). They concur with the principle above that cognition is … Continue reading

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